I strongly support harm reduction strategies for fighting the opiate epidemic, including the use of drug courts and diversion programs, recovery high schools, sober living communities, mass access to evidence-based treatment, medication-assisted treatment, needle exchange programs, widespread narcan distribution and safe use zones. However, unlike most other activists focused on harm reduction strategies, I also support incarceration for active dealers who kill people.
Harm reduction strategists will tell you that the War on Drugs has been a failure and in many, if not most ways it has been. Locking people up for marijuana possession is absurd and useless, and in fact, locking people up for ANY drug possession when there’s no clear intent to sell obviously makes no sense, yet our prisons are full of people jailed for just this reason.
In many cases of drug dealing, especially at much lower levels of sales or in cases of two friends drug sharing rather than actively selling, drug court with diversion or intensive treatment during relatively brief incarceration with supervised parole and proper support after release makes sense. Many addicts will even tell you that brief incarceration with drug treatment saved their lives.
But drug dealers who are actively, recklessly killing people through their behavior and especially those who keep selling even after they’ve killed someone MUST be locked up. Why? Because if you don’t remove them from the community they are very likely to kill other people.
We know exactly who the two dealers who dosed Henry with the methadone are. However the Knox County Sheriff’s Department didn’t arrest either of these people at the time of Henry’s death – didn’t get them off the street and out of our community.
Approximately 18 months after Henry’s death, utilizing a brave friend of Henry’s who was willing to wear a wire to buy drugs from each of these people, the Knoxville Police Department working with the DEA arrested the dealers for, you guessed it, dealing drugs. In the case of one of the dealers, he sold the informant methadone, the exact same drug that killed my son, while the other was plying her wares near a school. And the brave informant who made these arrests happen was, like Henry, just a teenager.
This means that even after they killed one vulnerable teenager via their reckless and active drug dealing, because they weren’t arrested and taken out of the community, these drug dealers continued to deal the same drugs, even to kids just like Henry. As far as we know, they didn’t actually kill anyone else during that 18 month period between Henry’s death and their arrests but we really don’t know that for sure, and the odds are that if they kept recklessly selling, they would eventually kill someone else. Today they are already out of jail and how do you suppose they’re making a living? I’ll bet I know.
So what do you do with people like this? Both of these dealers were also addicts themselves but these people weren’t “drug sharing.” They made entire living from selling drugs and committing other crimes. In at least some cases, these dealers were getting the drugs they sold from “legitimate” prescriptions from an actual doctor who provably knew that one of these two drug dealers was a drug addict himself, and yet this doctor prescribed him methadone to take home anyway, failing to follow the specific laws in place for prescribing methadone as part of a medication-assisted therapy program (methadone is a potentially very dangerous opiate when prescribed or used without strict regulation).
So what do you do with people like this, people who kill other people via their own active, reckless, continuing behavior? Because they happen to be addicts themselves, do you simply leave these people who have already killed at least one person out on the streets to keep selling, just because you believe the War on Drugs to be a failure? After they’ve KILLED someone, yet keep dealing, do you offer them voluntary treatment that has an exceptionally high failure rate? Do you send them to voluntary Narcotics Anonymous meetings in hopes they’ll just stop dealing the drugs that are likely to kill again?
And what about the doctor who was writing the prescription for the opiates that killed my son, opiates that these dealers were still selling 18 months later, yet again to another teenager? What do you do with the doctor?
Unlike so many of the other harm reduction activists with whom I speak and work with, I believe that there ARE circumstances where you have to incarcerate drug dealers. And Henry’s case was just one of them. These people are reckless murderers who showed no remorse for killing one vulnerable, addicted kid with opiates – something they were entirely aware of since he actually suffered his ultimately fatal overdose inside their home – yet they continued to recklessly distribute these same, exceptionally dangerous drugs to other vulnerable, mentally ill members of our communities, including teenagers. In my opinion, in situations like this, you have no reasonable choice but to get these recklessly dangerous people out of our community for as long as possible.
Yes, we can and probably should offer them proper addiction treatment WHILE they’re locked up but unless and until some parole board honestly believes that these people no longer pose the same threat to society that they clearly posed when they were locked up, they should stay locked up, away from our most vulnerable community members. And when I refer to the people who should be locked up, that includes the doctor who could be proved to be knowingly prescribing opiates outside the defined ethics and regulations of his or her profession, all for increased income, not because he or she is an addict.
Does it matter that most drug dealers who kill someone “didn’t intend” to do it? No. It doesn’t. Just like it doesn’t matter whether a drunk driver “intended to” kill someone. In both cases, the individuals at fault engaged in recklessly dangerous, illegal behaviors with a high probability of maiming or killing others. Do we not arrest drunk drivers who kill because many of them are alcoholics, suffering from an addiction to a substance? No. Their alcoholism doesn’t factor into whether we arrest them, just as addiction status shouldn’t factor into whether we charge and prosecute drug dealers who kill people. Does it matter that the person who dies from the overdose may have “asked for it” by buying the drugs from the dealer? No, it doesn’t, just as it doesn’t matter whether the passenger got into the car, knowing the driver was drunk.
So this is where I stand, and for those who claim every aspect of the War on Drugs has been a failure I posit this conclusion: it’s a failure at least in part because we’re locking the wrong people up for the wrong reasons and for the wrong amounts of time. A guy found to have a baggie of pot in his car at a traffic stop should not be criminally prosecuted. The same guy found with a small amount of cocaine in his car during another traffic stop should probably be sent to drug court for treatment and diversion. Perhaps, in a case like this, because there was no obvious intent to sell, the argument can be made that there should be no criminal system involvement at all. But an active drug dealer who sells opiates, who kills a teenager, but who then keeps dealing, meaning he or she is likely to kill again SHOULD be locked up.
I still cry every day – yes, every day – over the loss of my teenager. And I also cry when I think about the other people these reckless dealers also might have killed or still kill after they killed Henry. My 18 year old son was a drug addict. I know and accept this. But he didn’t deserve the death penalty due to his addiction and the people who killed him don’t deserve to be living freely in our community, able and yes, likely to kill yet again.
Lock up those drug dealers who kill, especially those who kill the youngest and thus the most vulnerable among us, and who have proved they’re likely to kill again.
Lock them up.
Do you believe that the Drug War has been a failure? Why or why not? And what are your views on bringing drug-induced homicide charges against dealer and who kill? Let’s talk about it in the comments below.